Fertility treatment may be necessary for couples or individuals who have difficulty conceiving a child. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse, or six months for women over the age of 35. In this article, you will know the various reasons why you may need fertility treatment.
- Ovulation disorders
Ovulation is the process by which a mature egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilised by sperm. Ovulation disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or hypothalamic dysfunction, can prevent ovulation from occurring or make it irregular, making it difficult to conceive. Fertility treatments such as ovulation induction or in vitro fertilisation (IVF) can help women with ovulation disorders to conceive.
Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing pain and inflammation. It can also cause scarring and adhesions that can affect fertility by blocking the fallopian tubes or impairing the function of the ovaries. Fertility treatments such as IVF or surgery may be necessary for women with severe endometriosis.
- Male infertility
Male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm morphology. Fertility treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can help couples where the male partner has fertility problems.
- Tubal factor infertility
Tubal factor infertility occurs when the fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged, preventing sperm from reaching the egg or the fertilised egg from reaching the uterus. Fertility treatments such as IVF can bypass the fallopian tubes and allow fertilisation to occur in a laboratory setting.
- Unexplained infertility
In some cases, couples may have difficulty conceiving, despite undergoing a thorough fertility evaluation that does not reveal any obvious cause. This is known as unexplained infertility. Fertility treatments such as IVF or IUI may be recommended for couples with unexplained infertility.
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- Age-related infertility
As women age, the quality and quantity of their eggs decrease, making it more difficult to conceive. Fertility treatments such as IVF may be necessary for women over the age of 35 who have been trying to conceive for six months or longer without success.
- Recurrent miscarriage
Recurrent miscarriage is defined as the loss of two or more pregnancies before 20 weeks gestation. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as chromosomal abnormalities,
hormonal imbalances, or structural problems with the uterus. Fertility treatments such as IVF with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) or surgery may be necessary for women with recurrent miscarriage.
- Same-sex couples or single individuals
Same-sex couples or single individuals may need fertility treatment to conceive a child. Fertility treatments such as IVF or intrauterine insemination (IUI) with donor sperm or eggs may be necessary for same-sex female couples or single women. Same-sex male couples or single men may use a surrogate or gestational carrier to carry the pregnancy.
There are various reasons why someone may need fertility treatment, including ovulation disorders, endometriosis, male infertility, tubal factor infertility, unexplained infertility, age-related infertility, recurrent miscarriage, or for same-sex couples or single individuals. Fertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, or surgery at an IVF clinic in Nepal or anywhere can help couples or individuals to conceive a child. It is important to seek the advice of a fertility specialist if you have been trying to conceive.